What are India’s options in the face of the Russian invasion of Ukraine
the recent statement of the Permanent Representative of India, TS Tirumurti expressed his deep concern over the recent turn of events in Ukraine and called for an immediate cessation of violence and hostilities raises an important question whether India’s role in this dispute is limited only to declaratory statements and abstaining from the vote at the UNGA or there is something more that can be done. For example, taking a stand against Russia by imposing sanctions and being more proactive internationally.
The need for such thinking arises on India in the context of other countries like US, EU, UK, Japan, Canada etc. impose penalties against the targeting of Russia banks, oil refineries and military exports as well as Russia finance, energy and transport sectors.
This is accompanied by cutting off Russia from the international payment system SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication).
Generally, at a world levelIndia has strongly opposed an interventionist international community, manifested in concepts such as humanitarian intervention that he later amended by accepting the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine at the United Nations World Summit in 2005. Simply put, R2P is a global political commitment that aims to address four key concerns to prevent genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanityy.
Despite its importance, which can be understood from its definition, India has not been proactive in putting the R2P standard into practice, justifying its position on a solid basis. commitment to sovereignty and territorial integrity of any state as seen in the current crisis.
However, in the specific case of the invasion of Ukraine, a country of 44 million inhabitants, the path of non-participation in the issue can be detrimental because this dispute also involves NATO which represents the interests of the United States whose presence was resisted. by Russia for many reasons.
In this light, balancing relations with the United States and Russia poses a challenge for India. At one end is Russia, which is increasingly coming up with alternative world order ideas, not focused on ideas of multipolarity that is to say democratization of the world orderr, but new forms of regionalism.
On the other hand, India’s partnership with the United States in the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean region through the Quad, which also includes Japan and Australia, has issued sanctions against Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
Thus, to stay on the same page as other members who are placed in the same way against Russia, the Indian government must show some intention against the violations committed by Russia in Ukraine.
A possible step in this regard for India may be to refer to the Delhi BRICS Resolution under paragraph 22 of the XIII BRICS Summit that Russia has violated and hold it accountable.
By this resolution, the BRICS nations had decided that they were opposed to the unilateral use of force against any state and wanted all disputes to be resolved by peaceful means, and categorically ruled out the use of force against the state. territorial integrity or political independence of any State. .
Such a step becomes extremely crucial given that the United Nations General Assembly recently adopted the resolution deploring Russia’s attack on Ukraine and demanding the immediate withdrawal of Russian troops.
Going forward, the focus should be on living up to his motto “Vasudhaiva Kutumbukum” which means the world is one family, especially when his three-vote absence, including two in the United Nations Security Council UN and one at the UN Human Rights Council, was a topic of discussion.
The writer teaches at Jindal Global Law School, Sonepat, Haryana. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author.