Kazakhstan does not recognize quasi-state entities – President Tokayev
NUR-SULTAN. KAZINFORM On Friday June 18, the President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev took part in the plenary session of the 25th edition of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.
Alongside the leader of Kazakhstan, Russian President Vladimir Putin addressed the plenary session, while Egyptian President Abdel Fattah As-Sisi participated via video conference. Additionally, Chinese President Xi Jinping sent a video message to forum attendees.
In his remarks, Tokayev pointed out that the forum was taking place in a situation of heightened political and economic turbulence. “Global shocks associated with the pandemic and growing geopolitical tensions have led to a new reality. Globalization has been replaced by an era of regionalization with all its inherent virtues and flaws. Either way, the process of reformatting traditional business models and trade routes is accelerating. The world is changing rapidly. Unfortunately, in most cases, not for the best“, declared the Kazakh president.
Tokayev spoke about the large-scale political and economic reforms underway in the country aimed at reforming public administration and building a new and fair Kazakhstan. “Our efforts are aimed at ensuring that economic growth has a proportional impact on improving the well-being of citizens. We aim at the sustainable development of trade and economic relations, the opening of new production facilities, the creation of conditions for the growth of human capital and innovations,” the President of Kazakhstan said.
Tokayev called strengthening the potential of the Eurasian Economic Union an urgent task. “In my opinion, it would be timely and useful to develop a new trade strategy within the EAEU taking into account the new reality. Instead of counter-sanctions, which are unlikely to be productive, we should pursue a more active and flexible trade policy with broad coverage of Asian and Middle Eastern markets,” he said.
Another priority, he said, is the further expansion of trade and economic cooperation with third countries. Therefore, Tokayev did not rule out the prospect that over the next decade, traditionally friendly countries such as China, India, nations of the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia , can become major investors in the economies of the region. “China has already become Kazakhstan’s main economic and trade partner. This country has already invested over $22 billion in our economy over the past 15 years. Deepening multilateral cooperation with China is an extremely important task for our country,” the president said.
In his speech, the leader of Kazakhstan also touched on issues related to climate change. In particular, he spoke about plans to expand green investment growth opportunities and address environmental issues. “We are working to reduce the energy intensity of GDP, to develop the renewable energy sector and to reduce transit losses in this sector,” the president said.
Tokayev also cited quality human capital and constructive intercultural dialogue as reliable sources of economic growth. In this context, he confirmed the continued commitment to Kazakhstan’s policy of preserving cultural diversity and promoting inter-civilizational dialogue at the international level, reporting on the upcoming Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions in September.
In summary, Tokayev expressed his firm belief that the construction a peaceful, stable and economically strong Eurasia would be a powerful factor in global sustainable development and inclusive growth.
After the speakers’ presentations, an open discussion in the form of questions and answers took place.
In particular, Tokayev answered the question about Kazakhstan’s attitude to Russia’s “special military operation” in Ukraine. “There are different opinions, we have an open society. Modern international law is the Charter of the United Nations. However, two UN principles came into conflict: the territorial integrity of the state and the right of a nation to self-determination. As these principles contradict each other, there are different interpretations of them,” he pointed out. According to him, “if a nation’s right to self-determination is realized, more than 500 states will emerge on Earth and there will be chaos. For this reason, we do not recognize Taiwan, Kosovo, South Ossetia and Abkhazia. In all likelihood, this principle will apply to quasi-state entities, which, in our opinion, are Luhansk and Donetsk,» he said.
“I would like to challenge some statements by a few Russian parliamentarians, absolutely incorrect statements about Kazakhstan, inaccurate statements by, so to speak, journalists and even people from the art world,” Tokayev said. “I am grateful to Vladimir Putin, who today comprehensively set out the position of the top leadership, the Kremlin, ultimately, in relation to Kazakhstan and other countries, and in particular my country. Indeed, we have no problem that can be manipulated in one way or another, sowing discord between our nations and thus causing damage to our people and to the Russian Federation itself. I don’t really understand these statements. These individuals comment in a strange way on the decisions taken by the Kazakh leadership or the events taking place in our country, with which they water the mill, so to speak?stressed President Tokayev.